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Important information

Target audience

AudienceStateless people, Asylum seekers, French citizens, Statutory refugees, Beneficiaries of temporary protection, Beneficiaries of subsidiary protection

Price

Free of charge

Requirements

Be in possession of a residence permit or a receipt
Have a bank account

Where is it?

Apply for the RSA

Updated on il y a 22 jours

What is it?

The RSA (Active Solidarity Income) is financial assistance for people who are unemployed, without unemployment benefits or with low resources.

To receive this financial assistance sent by the CAF (Caisse d'Allocations Familiales), you must be over 25 years old and have an address in France.

The amount differs from one person to another and depends on the situation of the household (single, partnered, etc.), the number of children, other financial assistance received, and resources (salaries, allowances, etc.) .

The money sent by CAF is called “benefit” or “aid” or even “allowance”. A person who receives aid from the CAF is called a “beneficiary”.

In addition to financial assistance, the RSA also includes support from a professional for social and professional integration. Recipients sign a reciprocal commitment contract: this means that in exchange for this financial assistance, you agree to look for work.

Each person receiving the RSA will be registered with France Travail (formerly Pôle emploi) no later than January 1, 2025.
You have the possibility to register with the CAF and apply for RSA as soon as you apply for asylum. When you receive the positive response from OFPRA or CNDA on your international protection (refugee, subsidiary protection, stateless person), send the document to the CAF, which will calculate your RSA from the moment you made your request. This is called retroactivity of rights ”.

How to do it?

To request the RSA, you must:

  • justify that your resources are low and do not exceed the “ceilings” (the limits which entitle you to this aid),
  • live in France at least 9 months per year and have an address (even a domiciliation). > To read: the Réfugiés.info sheet “Having a postal address”
  • have a residence permit or receipt valid for at least 5 years,
  • have already requested other available financial aid, such as unemployment benefits from France Travail (Pôle emploi) or retirement pension if you are entitled to it,
  • be over 25 years old.

But there are 2 exceptions:

  • if you are between 18 and 25 years old, with no children, and have worked full-time for at least 2 years during the last 3 years,
  • if you are a single parent with one or more children or if you are pregnant.

Before making a request, to check if your personal situation allows you to receive the RSA, you must first do a simulation on the CAF website .

To answer the various questions:
- The family composition of your household is your situation in France: if you are married but your spouse does not live with you, you must check “alone”.
- You must answer YES to the question “You have resided in France for more than 5 years, with a residence permit authorizing you to work”.
- Be prepared to complete the “Resources” section with all the money received over the last 3 months, by you and the people who live with you: salaries, sick leave benefits, maternity leave benefits, alimony, housing allowances, family allowances. ..
  • If the simulator indicates that you are entitled to receive the RSA, it gives an approximate amount. To be sure that you will receive it and know exactly how much, you must register with CAF and officially make a “service request” (step 3).
  • If the simulator indicates that you are not entitled to receive the RSA, an explanation is given.
  • If you made a mistake when answering the questions, you can start again.

> Read: the Réfugiés.info sheet “Register and request assistance from CAF”

List of all documents necessary for the RSA application (for each person in the household):

  • A birth certificate from OFPRA or provisional family certificate from OFII (see “Good to know” below)
  • Your Vitale card (or a certificate of rights)
  • Your health insurance card if you have one
  • A RIB (bank identity statement) for your current account or your savings account
  • A residence card or certificate of submission of application for a residence permit
  • Letter with the OFPRA decision granting you international protection (refugee status, stateless person or beneficiary of subsidiary protection) or letter with the CNDA decision (you can hide your personal history in the document sent to the CAF)
  • Proof of all your household income for the last 3 months (pay slips, Pôle emploi payment certificates, Health Insurance benefits, disability or alimony pensions, retirement, etc.)

Optional documents, depending on your situation:

  • certificate of end of payment of the ADA from OFII
  • declaration of pregnancy made by the doctor if you are pregnant
  • divorce judgment if you are divorced
  • marriage certificate if you are married
  • sworn certificate of separation if you are separated
  • family record book and birth certificate if you have children
If you have not yet received your birth certificate from OFPRA, the easiest way is to contact OFII to obtain a “ provisional family certificate” . You can also ask them for a certificate of the last payments of the asylum seeker allowance (ADA), to prove that you no longer receive this financial assistance (but this document is not required to request the RSA).
To obtain these certificates, you can write an email to the OFII in charge of your file or go directly to the OFII counter where you live.

You must now choose whether you make the request online (step 3), by making an appointment on site (step 4) or by sending it by mail (step 5).

Log in to your personal space if you are already registered with CAF, by clicking here.

If you are not registered, you must first request a service online before creating your account.
> Read: the Réfugiés.info sheet “Register and request assistance from CAF”

You also have the option to connect with your France Connect account.
> Read: the Réfugiés.info sheet “Connect to a site with France Connect” .

Click on “Help and procedures”, “Apply for benefits online”, “Professional life”, then “Active solidarity income” and “Make the request”. Answer the questions, the same as for the simulation (step 1 ) and send your documents.
> Read: the Réfugiés.info sheet “Scan a document” to have your documents in digital version.

Do not hesitate to ask a social worker for help, to be sure you complete everything correctly. You can ask your accommodation center, an association or your town hall about the service that can help you apply for RSA on the internet.
> Read: the Réfugiés.info sheet “Make an appointment with a social worker”

Please note: the RSA will be sent to you from the date you submitted the file (even incomplete). If it takes a long time to contact a social worker, do not wait and go directly to a CAF agency (step 4).

If you applied for your RSA online or by mail, go directly to step 6.

If you want to make an appointment to apply for RSA with an advisor at a CAF agency, the first thing to do is to go to the site (click here) and write your postal code at the top right in “ My CAF”.

You can then make an appointment:

  • on the Internet: click on “Contact us” at the bottom of the page > “Request an appointment”, then follow the steps to make an appointment.
  • by telephone: call 32 30 (price of a local call).
  • Directly on site, at the CAF agency near you, which you can find by clicking on “Find a reception point”.
Don't forget to bring all paper documents (originals + photocopies) to the appointment.

If you have an address in Paris, you can also go to a Parisian space for integration. A professional can help you apply for RSA after making an appointment:

  • on the Internet: click here, then on the number of your district, then on “Make an appointment online for an RSA application” and find a date that suits you.
  • by telephone or directly on site: contact details for the 7 Parisian integration spaces are available by clicking here.

If you applied for your RSA online or on site, go directly to step 6.

To send your RSA request by La Poste, you must:

Finally, you must send your file in a large envelope with acknowledgment of receipt, to the CAF closest to you. To find the postal address: write your postal code at the top right of the site in "Ma Caf" , then click on "Contact us" at the bottom of the page. The postal address of your CAF will be displayed.

If you have a self-employed professional activity (trader, craftsman, liberal profession, etc.), you must instead complete form 15482 (click here).
If you or your spouse are under 25 years old, you must also complete and send this document: Supplementary application for a young person under 25 years old (Form 14130*02)

You will receive from CAF a beneficiary number (6 digits and a letter) and a password to allow you to connect to your online space. If you made the request online, you already have your login details.

You can follow the processing of your request on caf.fr > My Account space > My Procedures section or from the Caf-My Account mobile application.

As soon as your request is accepted, the first RSA transfer normally arrives the following month.

The first RSA payment may take into account the amount of ADA you received and may not be the maximum amount. The amount will be assessed every 3 months, taking into account your resources.

If you have no response 2 months after the request, contact CAF by telephone or email. The CAF receives a lot of requests and needs time to process each file.

What happens next?

Every 3 months, you must declare your resources to the CAF.

This is the “quarterly declaration of resources”. You must complete a table, for each month requested, with the money received (salary, unemployment benefits, etc.).

This allows CAF to calculate the aid that will be sent for the following 3 months.

> To read: the Réfugiés.info sheet “Make the quarterly declaration to the CAF”

Do not forget to inform the CAF of any change in professional or family situation in your personal space, “declare a change of situation” section.

The reciprocal commitment contract or “personalized project” is a document that the majority of beneficiaries sign just after the RSA request.

This contract presents the rights and obligations of RSA beneficiaries, but also of public structures.

The reciprocal engagement contract is not obligatory, it depends on the region. But if you signed it, you are obliged to respect it.

Public structures (France Travail (formerly Pôle emploi), the city or department, the CAF) are obliged to set up personalized support from a professional social worker, to help you:

  • build your professional project,
  • find a job or start your business,
  • find a childcare solution,
  • solve difficulties and answer your questions individually.

Recipients have the right to receive financial assistance every month. In exchange, you must:

  • look for work or training (make a CV, send applications, etc.)
  • update your situation on the France Travail website (Pôle emploi),
  • come to appointments,
  • declare your resources every 3 months.

If your personal situation changes (for example: a new person arrives in your household, you move, or you separate), you must inform the CAF. If your professional situation changes (new job for you or your spouse, start of activity, end of employment contract, entry into internship, etc.), you must also report this.

Don't forget to send your new RIB if you change bank accounts.

To do this, on the CAF website , in “My profile”, click on “Declare a change”.

Each change in situation leads to a new calculation of your financial aid: if your salary or your rent changes, CAF sends you more or less money.

The CAF has access to information from other administrations, taxes for example. If you declare different information or if you have made a mistake, you must also report this to the CAF.
If CAF sends you too much money for your situation (an overpayment), it has the option of asking you to repay. But be careful, if you do not report an error, it is “fraud”. You may be sanctioned.

RSA recipients are also entitled to:

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